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|Type of government||Parliamentary federal republic|
|Constitution||Constitution of the New Republic|
|Head of State||
|Head of Government||
|Judicial branch||New Republic Justice Department|
|Official language||Galactic Basic|
|State religious body||The Jedi Order|
|National holiday||Restoration Day|
|Formed from||Extreme terrorist and criminal organisations|
|Date of establishment||Year 0 Day 5 (as the Rebel Alliance)|
|Date of reorganization||Year 8 Day 98 (into the New Republic)|
- "We, the Rebel Alliance, do, therefore, in the name - and by authority - of the free beings of the galaxy, solemnly publish and declare our intentions: To fight and oppose you and your forces, by any and all means at our disposal; To refuse any Imperial law contrary to the rights of free beings; to bring about your destruction of the Galactic Empire; To make forever free all beings in the galaxy. We additionally pledge to defend freedom across all bounds, and to defend the natural unalienable rights of all against any group that seeks their unlawful repression or rule. To these ends, we pledge our property, our honor and our lives."
- — excerpt from the Doctrine of the Rebel Alliance
The New Republic is the name of the government established by the Rebel Alliance and SoroSuub Corporation in opposition to the Galactic Empire. The "New" Republic is meant to be a sort of continuation of the Galactic Republic, and the supporters of the New Republic endeavor to supplant the Empire as the supreme governmental authority of the galaxy and restore democracy and the ideals of the Galactic Republic. The Empire disputes the New Republic's claim to have been designed to eradicate the shortcomings that brought about the Galactic Republic's downfall.
After the Senate-approved reformation of the Galactic Republic into the Galactic Empire, a small group of dissenters, led by the Jedi and Senators Zee Wolf (the Elder) and Mon Akria, established a terrorist organization with the intent of destabilizing and bringing about the fall of the legitimate government under the guise of re-establishing the Republic.
When the Imperial Senate was reorganized with Throne-appointed moffs replacing the Senators as regional governors, displaced bureaucrats threw their lot in with the Rebel Alliance, funding the organization in hopes of regaining their former power. Small planetary armed resistance cells were slowly established and periodically raided Imperial installations. These cells were secretive; many operated without knowing who other members of their own cell were, much less other cells.
In Year 8, representatives from the Rebel Alliance High Command and SoroSuub Corporation Middle Management met to draw up a draft of the constitution for the government they wished to establish. They consciously modeled this constitution after that of the Galactic Republic. After the Constitution was presented to the public for approval, a referendum vote was held and the Constitution of the New Republic was ratified on Year 8 Day 98. Restoration Day is a federal holiday in the New Republic commemorating the adoption of their Constitution as "the restoration of the Old Republic".
Over recent years, disillusioned members of the New Republic as well as oppressed workers under their dominance have risen up and fought for their freedom. One such example is the citizens of Basho who rebelled, captured a communications tower and sent a plea for help to the Imperial military, who quickly responded and helped repel the New Republic forces on the planet. The planetary government decided to submit to Imperial authority, administratively becoming a sub-division of the Darpa Sector Regional Government.
The Chief of State of the New Republic serves as the Head of State, Head of Government, and Commander-in-Chief of the New Republic forces with the support of the Advisory Council, made up of both civilian and military department leaders and chaired by the Chief of State. As the chairman of the New Republic Senate, the Chief of State is also the head of the legislative branch of the New Republic. The New Republic Justice Department, administratively organised under the Ministry of State, is the legislative branch of the New Republic. Military personnel may also be court-martialed.
The New Republic is organised around a unicameral legislative body it calls the New Republic Senate. The daily business of the Senate proper was primarily speech-making and public debate. The structure of the Senate as well as the turnover for individual senators and representatives losing the support of their constituency and being removed from power resulted in a body that rarely succeeded in getting things done. As a result, most of the real governance was performed by the Advisory Council, made up of the Ministers of State, Culture, Economic Development, and Trade and Industry, the Director of the Center for Republic Intelligence, High Ambassador of the Republic Diplomacy Command, and Chief of Military Operations as well as the commanding officers of the three military branches.